Since its establishment, the Educational Research Lab (ERL) has produced the following listed Research Publications (Updated on January 17, 2021).


Bailey, D., N. Almusharraf & A. Almusharraf. (2022). Video conferencing in the e-learning context: Explaining learning outcomes with the technology acceptance model. Education and Information Technologies. 

Iqbal S., M. Ashiq, S. Ur Rehman, S. Rashid, & N. Tayyab. (2022). Students’ Perceptions and Experiences of Online Education in Pakistani Universities and Higher Education Institutes during COVID-19. Education Sciences, 12(3), 166. 

Almusharraf, N. & Bailey, D., N., A. Almusharraf. (Aug. 2022). Predicting social presence in videoconference-supported LMS courses: Meditation through L2 writing and speaking strategies. Online Learning Consortium.

Almusharraf, N., & Bailey, D. (2022). A Structural Equation Model of Second Language Writing Strategies and their Influence on Anxiety, Proficiency, and Perceived Benefits with Online Writing. Education and Information Technologies.

Khan, N., Aslam, R., Asad, M. M., Oad, L., & Almusharraf , N. Effects of Work from Home on Employees Well-Being: Mediating Role of Institutional Heads and Moderating Role of Employees’ Self-Efficacy.


Aburas, R., Nurunnabi, M., Atyah, R. (2021). Tensions between local and international accreditation: Insights into interior design learning outcomes. International Journal of Design Education, 15 (1). 

Almusharraf, N. & Bailey. D. (2021). A regression analysis approach to measuring the influence of student characteristics on language learning strategies. International Journal of Instruction, 14 (4), 463-482. 

Almusharraf, N. (2021). Co-constructing a meaningful online environment: Faculty-student rapport in the English as a foriegn language college classroom. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice. 

Almusharraf, N. & Bailey. D. (2021). Facebook in class: The instructor’s influence on engagement and language play in online social media forums. Computer Assisted Language Learning Electrical Journal, 22 (3), 66-85. 

Almusharraf, N. (2021). Online engagement during COVID-19: Role of agency on collaborative learning orientation and learning expectations. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning 1 (11), 11.

Almusharraf, N. (2021). Postsecondary instructors’ reflective teaching practices in relation to gender differences and teaching experience. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies 8 (3), 1-16.'_Reflective_Teaching_Practices_Pertaining_to_Gender_Differences_and_Teaching_Experience

Almusharraf, N. (2021). Incorporation of a game-based approach into the EFL online classrooms: Students’ perceptions. Interactive Learning Environments. 

Baloch, G.M., Sundarasen, S., Chinna, K., Nurunnabi, M., Kamaludin, K., Khoshaim, H.B., Hossain, S.F.A., AlSukayt, A. (2021). COVID-19: Exploring impacts of the pandemic and lockdown on mental health of Pakistani students. PeerJ, 9.

Bailey, D. & N. Almusharraf. (2021). Calm down: A mediation model on the mitigating effect anxiety has on learner interactions and learning outcome. International Journal of Applied Linguistics. https://doi/10.1111/ijal.12398 

Baloch, G.M., Kamaludin, K., Chinna, K., Sundarasen, S., Nurunnabi, M., Khoshaim, H.B., Hossain, S.F.A., Sukayt, A.A., Baloch, L.G. (2021). Coping with covid-19: The strategies adapted by pakistani students to overcome implications. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (4). 

Chinna, K., Sundarasen, S., Khoshaim, H.B., Kamaludin, K., Nurunnabi, M., Baloch, G.M., Hossain, S.F.A., Sukayt, A., Dalina, N., Rajagopalan, U., Kumar, R., Memon, Z. (2021). Psychological impact of COVID-19 and lock down measures: An online cross-sectional multicounty study on Asian university students. PLoS ONE, 16 (8). 

Hossain, S.F.A., Nurunnabi, M., Hussain, K. (2021). Continuous mobile devices usage tendency in the TPACK-based classroom and academic performance of university students. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 30 (4).

Hossain, S. F. A., Nurunnabi, M., Nadi, A. H., & Ahsan, F. T. (2021). Exploring the Role of AI in K12: Are Robot Teachers Taking Over?. In Emerging Realities and the Future of Technology in the Classroom (pp. 120-135). IGI Global.

Hossain, S. F. A., Shan, X., Nurunnabi, M., Tushar, H., Mohsin, A. K. M., & Ahsan, F. T. (2021). Opportunities and Challenges of M-Learning During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Mixed Methodology Approach. In E-Collaboration Technologies and Strategies for Competitive Advantage Amid Challenging Times (pp. 210-227). IGI Global.

Lange, C., Almusharraf, N., Koreshnikova, Y. & Costley, J. (2021). The effects of example-free instruction and worked examples on problem-solving. Heliyon, 7 (8). 

Metwally, W. (2021). Methods and results in design evaluation: reduction of discrepancies in scores. The International Journal of Design Education 15 (2), 65-79.

Rashid, S. (2021). A Scientometric analysis of forty-three years of research in social support in education. Education Sciences 149 (11), 1-18.

Rashid, S. (2021). Mapping the intellectual structure of linguistics research over 101 years. Library Philosophy and Practice, 1-29.

Weerathunga, P.R., Samarathunga, W.H.M.S., Rathnayake, H.N., Agampodi, S.B., Nurunnabi, M., Madhunimasha, M.M.S.C. (2021). The covid-19 pandemic and the acceptance of e-learning among university students: The role of precipitating events. Education Sciences, 11 (8).


Almusharraf, N., Costley, J., & Fanguy, M. (2020). The effect of postgraduate students’ interaction with video lectures on collaborative note-taking. Journal Of Information Technology Education-Research, 19, 639-654. https://10.28945/4581

Almusharraf, N., & Khahro, S. (2020). Students satisfaction with online learning experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET) 15 (21), 246-267.

Costley, J., Fang, M., Lange, C. & Baldwin, M. (2020). The effects of video lecture viewing strategies on cognitive load. Journal of Computing in Higher Education 33, 19-38.

Costley, J. (2020). Using cognitive strategies overcomes cognitive load in online learning environments. Interactive Technology and Smart Education 17 (2).

Hall, M. & Ismail, O. F. (2020). Literary and rhetorical technology: Individualized project-based digital expressions of saudi students in higher education. The International Journal of Technologies in Learning 27 (2), 51- 67.

Lange, C. & Costley, J. (2020). Improving online video lectures: learning challenges created by media. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education 17 (16).

Nurunnabi, M., Almusharraf, N., & Aldeghaither, D. (2020). Mental health and well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic in higher education: evidence from G20 countries. Journal of Public Health Research, 9 (s1).

Nurunnabi, M., & Almusharraf, N. (2020). Social distancing and reopening universities after the COVID-19 pandemic: Policy complexity in G20 countries. Journal of Public Health Research, 9 (s1).

Rashid, S., Howard, J., Cunningham, U., & Watson, K. (2020). Learner training in MALL: A pakistani case study. Innovation in Language Learning and Teaching, 1-14.

Saba, T. (2020). Intelligent game-based learning: An effective learning model approach. International Journal of Computer Applications in Technology 64 (2), 208- 221.


Abdelhadi, A. & Nurunnabi, M. (2019). Engineering student evaluation of teaching quality in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Engineering Education 35 (1), 262–272.

Nurunnabi, M. & Hossain, M. A. (2019). Data falsification and question on academic integrity. Accountability in Research 26 (2), 108-122.